Validity in Sociology. Concurrent validity. Published on September 6, 2019 by Fiona Middleton. When what someone observes is influenced by their expectations. Convergent Validity – When two similar questions reveal the same result. Question 11. Inter-observer reliability. Concurrent validity compares scores on an instrument with current performance on some other measure. _____ is the type of validity that examines how well a test outcome is consistent with a criterion that occurs in the present. Convergent and discriminant validity are both considered subcategories or subtypes of construct validity. The four types of validity. Concurrent validity is studied when one test is proposed as a substitute for another (for example, when a multiple-choice form of spelling test is substituted for taking dictation), or a test is shown to correlate with some contemporary criterion (e.g., psychiatric diagnosis). Divergent Validity – When two opposite questions reveal opposite results. Unlike predictive validity, where the second measurement occurs later, concurrent validity requires a second measure at about the same time. A)content validity B)predictive validity C)concurrent criterion validity D)test-retest validity Question. For example, Revised on June 19, 2020. Construct validity is "the degree to which a test measures what it claims, or purports, to be measuring." Testing for this type of validity requires that you essentially ask your sample similar questions that are designed to … is a good example of a concurrent validity study. inter-interviewer reliability. Observer bias. face validity. ). Validity in Sociology: Reliability in Research - ThoughtCo. The important thing to recognize is that they work together – if you can demonstrate that you have evidence for both convergent and discriminant validity, then you’ve by definition demonstrated that you have evidence for construct validity. Concurrent Validity In concurrent validity , we assess the operationalization’s ability to distinguish between groups that it should theoretically be able to distinguish between . The concurrent method involves administering two measures, the test and a second measure of the attribute, to the same group of individuals at as close to the same point in time as possible. Question. Criterion validity (concurrent and predictive validity) There are many occasions when you might choose to use a well-established measurement procedure (e.g., a 42-item survey on depression) as the basis to create a new measurement procedure (e.g., a 19-item survey on depression) to measure the construct you are interested in (e.g., depression, sleep quality, employee commitment, etc. Answer. In the classical model of test validity, construct validity is one of three main types of validity evidence, alongside content validity and criterion validity. concurrent validity. MInd yer own business. Concurrent validity: This occurs when criterion measures are obtained at the same time as test scores, indicating the ability of test scores in estimating an individual’s current For example, on a test that measures levels of depression, the test would be said to have concurrent validity if it measured the current levels of depression experienced by the test taker. Question 12. In quantitative research, you have to consider the reliability and validity of your methods and measurements.. Validity tells you how accurately a method measures something.
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