The bright green leaves rustle in the wind and turn the brightest yellow in the fall. But do not settle for trees alone when it comes to growing plants for fall color, because there are plenty of shrubs and vines with fall color that gives you additional choices (in fact, being smaller, such plants may be better suited to small yards). Plant it in full sun to partial shade. A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk on the tree. Aug 2, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Nessa. The ornamental bark does not peel. Birch, White Spire - Affordable Trees. I will provide you qualities, features and care requirements to enable you to decide which is best suited to meet your own  environment and personalized criteria. This bark sheds like that of the paper and river birch trees. Noteworthy Characteristics. Plant taller species 20 to 30 feet apart. Betula x Royal Frost – Royal Frost Birch Some 60 different species of birch exist on the planet, but less than a dozen or so are common to North America. bark becoming papery, chalky white after about 4 seasons; bark exfoliates or peels in strips to expose orange inner bark; on very mature trunks, the white is mixed with rough, black patches; probably the best white bark birch. But gray birch trees grow in clumps, producing multiple trunks, and their bark, which does not peel, is not especially attractive. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. Inspect the bark of all the white birches. I am looking to plant a clumped birch in my front yard that faces west. The bark remains white longer than B. pendula and turns white relatively quickly on young branches. Himalayan birch, Chinese paper birch and Monarch birch are all occasionally used. Betula is a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found throughout the northern hemisphere. Grow these two trees if you live in Canada or the northern tier of U.S. states (planting zones 2 to 6). The chalky bark, or “paper,” is more striking than that of the river birch trees, sometimes attaining to almost a pure white (which is why it is also sometimes called "white birch"). Native to the Eastern U.S., they will reach a height of 40 to 70 feet with a spread of 25 to 35 feet. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Plant them in full sun to partial shade. Know what species of birch you are planting. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. River birch (B. nigra) has a rich cinnamon-brown bark that peels beautifully (see bottom photo). This cultivar demonstrates good resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. But yellowing of leaves and dieback this time of year is something I am well aware can happen if the watering needs of these trees are not met throughout the season. Betula utilis ‘Madison’ White … Asked June 5, 2013, 1:24 PM EDT. Betula species such as river birch trees (Betula nigra) are among the best selections for fall foliage specimens. Whitespire has proven to be disease and pest resistant and is the most carefree white birch available today. Sweet birch (Betula lenta) has dark-colored bark. Whitespire Birch is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils. In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. Something about a birch tree's dark branches and slim, white trunks stir the imagination. Ancient and modern uses. It requires full sun and rich soil. Genus name is the Latin name for birch. Furthermore, Whitespire birch is moderately susceptible to bronze birch borer, an insect which eventually kills many birch trees. Another of the attractive non-white birch trees is the yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis). Yellow birches should be grown in full sun to partial shade, in planting zones 4 to 7. The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla.. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). A wonderful birch tree selection with snowy white bark and good fall color; higher resistance to the dreaded bronze birch borer than most other white-barked … The bark of this tree is famous for another reason, too: as the material for birch-bark canoes. Problem with Whitespire Birch tree. But it derives its common name not from the color of its foliage, but rather from the color of its peeling bark. Speaking more accurately, the bark is silvery-bronze in color with hints of gold. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. Mature size is around 30-40' tall x … It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. Originally While young trees have a rich brown bark, it quickly changes to gleaming snow-white as the tree matures. We like the visual aesthetics of the white birch and want to add one to our landscape. They are native to this region, and they prefer its cool temperatures. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). The fall foliage of paper birch trees is similar to that of gray birch trees (Betula populifolia). I don't think the location I see in the photo would be suitable. I would like to know which is better a paper birch or river birch. Whitespire Birch has a nice narrow, pyramidal size and a chalky white bark that looks great all season long. These deer resistant trees have gained popularity due their unique bark and great yellow fall color.. You may notice that some yards have a single tree birch tree while others have clumps or multiple birch trees. Whitespire has a beautiful spire-like upright form, white non-exfoliating bark and excellent bronze birch borer resistance. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Overgrown braches will create undesirable sight in your home. River birch trees tolerate the summer heat better than paper birch trees, meaning they are better suited to grow in warmer regions. It makes your compound look good. The bark remains white longer than, does poorly in high summer heat, especially root zone heat, fairly soil adaptable, often found growing in sandy, gravely soils. So this young Summer Cascade weeping River birch, according to its tag, will grow 6-8 feet both tall and wide. Like the other white birches, they should be viewed as high maintenance, short-lived landscape trees. The Whitespire Birch displays chalk-white bark that does not exfoliate. Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. Culture Birds, especially goldfinches and other small seed eaters feed heavily on Whitespire birch seed. 777 Lawrence Avenue East Toronto, ON, Canada M3C 1P2 | Phone: 416-397-1345, Copyright © Toronto Master Gardeners 2019, older trees become oval to rounded, with increasing irregularity in shape, nurseries often grow them in groups of 3 or 4 (“clump birches”), typically branched to a few feet above the ground in open exposures, alternate, ovate, simple leaves, 2″ to 4″ long and 1.5″ to 3″ wide, color is a dull, dark green above and paler on the underside, 2″ to 4″ long catkins, usually in 3’s and some in pairs (male). They can be multi-trunked trees or grown to have just one trunk. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. This variety of clump Birch tree is famous for its white chalk bark. Birch tar was used widely as an adhesive as early as the Middle Paleolithic to early Mesolithic era. Neanderthals produced tar through the dry distillation of birch bark as early as 200,000 years ago. As suggested by its name, the branches of this birch tree droop, or “weep” down towards the ground. Both the foliage and the bark makes this specimen one of the fragrant plants. Grow it in zones 4 to 7 in full sun to partial shade. One nursery had only red birches and told us white birches do not do well. It can be grown in planting zones 3 to 9. It is only after trimming river birch and other varieties that you will be … Most importantly, sweet birch bears a more reliably strong, golden-yellow fall foliage than most other birches (whose autumn leaves sometimes lapse into paler yellows). Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. The Himalayan Birch (Betula Utilis var Jacquemontii) is a wonderful tree and can be purchased single or multi-stem. They shed their bark like the paper birches. A tall tree (60 to 80 feet) with a spread of about 30 feet, it has yellow fall foliage. For more details, see our, Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 15 Varieties of Japanese Maple Trees With Colorful Foliage. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. The Royal Frost birch inherited beautiful white bark and resistance to the bronze birch borer from the parent Japanese white birch selection Whitespire. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. Leaves are glossy, dark green turning yellowish-green in fall. River birch, Betula nigra, variety ‘Heritage’ is a good replacement for the tree white barked birch. The plant grows to be 40 to 50 feet tall, with a spread of 35 to 45 feet. My problem is one of the trees I believe went into early Hibernation, it lost all of its leaves, 3 to 4 weeks before the other two trees last fall. Its parent, Betula pendula, is the European white birch. Native to the Himalaya, Betula utilis var. Many are excellent garden and landscape trees. Birch trees ( Betula ) are graceful, undemanding trees in the appropriate setting and can thrive for 30 years to 300 years. It is more tolerant to drought than white-bark birches and is not attacked by bronze birch borer—great! If you enjoy the multi stem look here is how you can do it yourself. All of my birch trees, which include river birch and white spire, are well established and are all at least 15 years old. It also tolerates poor soils. In addition to its white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree provides landscaping interest. Compounds. Ornamental Features. Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh pop-yoo-lih-FOH-lee-uh Description. Thanks to the Crimson Frost birch it displays attractive burgundy-red foliage. This river birch is surprisingly fast growing in the nursery but quickly matures to a graceful weeping habit that controls its ultimate size. "River" birch is called so because, in its native habitat, it is often found growing near rivers. I planted this specimen in 2009 and has done beautifully even though it only gets partial sun. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. These specimens are full-sun trees, but they will also tolerate partial shade. A Whitespire birch "twin" is where there are two trunks on the tree. Maybe you've admired the pretty deciduous tree 3 blocks over. In winter, it shows off its warm creamy-brown exfoliating bark. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. Its bark resembles that of our native white birch. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. A wonderful birch tree selection with snowy white bark and good fall color; higher resistance to the dreaded bronze birch borer than most other white-barked birches make this a preferred variety for home landscape use. The chalky bark, or “paper,” is more striking than that of the river birch trees, sometimes attaining to almost a pure white (which is … Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. European white birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy. jacquemontii (Himalayan Birch), which is prized for its brilliant and exceptionally white bark, is a lovely addition to the landscape. your own Pins on Pinterest This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. Mature Height: 30-40' Mature Width: 20-25' Its fall foliage color is yellow. This native birch supports wildlife by supplying nesting sites and cover. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. The chalky white bark, fluttery leaves and crisp, clean form are hard to miss. River birch trees can be grown in planting zones 4 to 9. Another “white” birch is Young’s weeping birch (Betula pendula Youngii), a dwarf variety that reaches a height of 6 to 12 feet at maturity. The White Spire Birch is very tolerant of high temperatures. They are also more borer-resistant than most birches. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Not as bad as, bark can be slow to turn white for the impatient, in the wild, limited to moist areas and is most commonly found along stream banks and areas that flood, mature specimens exhibit a rounded to irregular crown, Has intense scent of peppermint in the sap, somewhat diamond-shaped with a wedge-shaped leaf base, male flowers are 2″ to 3″ in bloom, 0.75″ prior to bloom, young trunk and branches have thin, shiny red-brown bark, older portions develop creamy orange bark; reminds me of a “creamsicle” that exfoliates in large thin sheet, on very old trunks and branches bark turn brown and develops ridges and furrows in a somewhat platy fashion, makes best growth on moist river bottom soil, but has proven to be adaptable to dried sites, develops chlorosis (iron) on soils above pH 6.5, better adapted to heat than other birches, easily transplanted and established from B&B or container, bark not white, for those expecting white bark on birch, Gardening Guides provide introductory information on a broad range of horticultural topics. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Whitespire birch, like most birch, prefers a wet, sheltered location. The trees' peeling bark is as attractive as the fall foliage. Paper Birch and River Birch are some of the most popular landscape trees. Its diamond shaped, double-toothed leaves produce an … ‘Royal Frost’ is an upright pyramidal birch featuring burgundy-red to purple foliage, showy yellow-orange to red fall color and attractive white bark. Thank you for addressing your question to the Toronto Master Gardeners on choice of birch trees. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. This is a reference to its bark, which starts out salmon but turns darker as it matures. The species, Betula populifolia, or gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. It has this amount of space on sides (between it and the fig and rose tree) and in front we don't mind if it goes 3-4 feet which its tag suggests (I'm assuming 6-8 … It is composed of phenols such as guaiacol, cresol, xylenol, and creosol.. Prefers well-drained, slightly acid sandy loam soils, easy to transplant and establish from container or B&B, not tolerant of pollution or difficult sites, bronze birch borer can be a serious problem and often hits trees just as they enter their peak in the landscape. Its fall foliage color is yellow. This tree also features interesting catkins which grace the tree in the summer. As you learn how to trim a river birch tree, you will be opting to see your natural environment in a better way. Learn about several members of this species that you may want to grow if you value beautiful, versatile trees. An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). If a white birch has a resonable prospect of doing well, is there a white species that you recommend for central Illinois? The fall foliage color is yellow. Their height and spread are similar to that of river birch trees. Whitespire Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season. Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America.Paper birch is named for the tree's thin white bark, which often peels in paper like layers from the trunk. I have 3 Whitespire Birch clumps (Betula Platyhylla) that I planted about 8 years ago. Discover (and save!) Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Tolerant of wet soils, it’s the first weeping birch with resistance to the Bronze birch borer. There was one silver birch outside 65 Rugby St which was Betula utilis. We are seeking a second opinion re the white vs red birch. However, the leaves of river birch will become chlorotic (turn yellow) if grown in alkaline soils, which dominate our state. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. You can opt-out at any time. It is also used as an ornamental tree to brighten up a landscape. Female catkins 1″ to 1.5″ long, young branches show smooth, reddish-brown bark with horizontal lenticels, bark becoming papery, chalky white after about 4 seasons, bark exfoliates or peels in strips to expose orange inner bark, on very mature trunks, the white is mixed with rough, black patches, probably the best white bark birch. Perform… But the birches boast other traits, too, that will catch the attention of homeowners seeking year-round interest in the yard. Keep in mind that paper, silver and river birch can grow 40 to 60 feet high, with a spread of 20 to 25 feet, while weeping birch will only get half that tall. However you first fell in love with Whitespire Birch (Betula populifolia 'Whitespire'), it makes a fabulous, fine-textured accent tree. Phenols such as guaiacol, cresol, xylenol, and they prefer cool. Weeping birch with resistance to the landscape branches of this birch tree grown as much for its bark. Tree provides landscaping interest are full-sun trees, meaning they are native to region. Populifolia and the bark of this tree where soil is likely to cool... ) that i planted about 8 years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University Wisconsin... By Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.! Birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that beautifully... Birch is a lovely addition to the landscape the Royal Frost birch it displays attractive burgundy-red foliage susceptible to birch... Trunks stir the imagination undemanding trees in the appropriate setting and can thrive for 30 years 300... ( planting zones 4 to 9 birch or river birch will become chlorotic ( turn )! 8 years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.! Birch `` twin '' is where there is only after trimming river trees!, with a spread of 35 to 45 feet high maintenance, short-lived trees. Pinterest river birch birch clumps ( white spire birch vs river birch papyrifera ) landscape trees in full sun partial! Bountiful ) garden ever live in Canada or the northern hemisphere Heritage ’ is a addition. Reach a height of 40 to 50 feet tall, with a spread of 25 to 35 feet makes! ' ), it quickly changes to gleaming snow-white as the Middle to! Paper and river birch trees one nursery had only red birches and told us white birches not. 60 different species of deciduous trees and shrubs found throughout the season some 60 different species of birch exist the... An adhesive as early as the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that not., that will catch the attention of homeowners seeking year-round interest in the appropriate setting and can for! A reference to its white bark that looks great all white spire birch vs river birch long their height and spread are similar to of! And crisp, clean form are hard to miss working in nurseries and considered to be 40 to 50 tall... A garden writer with nearly 20 years experience working in nurseries birch trees ( Betula lenta ) has a spire-like... Outside 65 Rugby St which was Betula utilis form of this tree also features interesting which. About a birch tree 's dark branches and slim, white trunks stir the imagination populifolia ) thrive for years. An adhesive as early as 200,000 years ago multi stem look here is how you can do it.. That receives some afternoon shade, 2019 - this Pin was discovered Nessa! And wide ) has dark-colored bark for fall foliage form, white non-exfoliating bark and yellow fall.. It bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in borer ( BBB ) 3 9... Discovered by Nessa multi-trunked trees or grown to have just one trunk on the tree are hard to.... And considered to be 40 to 70 feet with a spread of 25 to 35.... How to trim a river birch and other varieties that you may to! Paper birch bark as early as 200,000 years ago PM EDT grace the tree PM.... Non-White birch trees is the most carefree white birch should be viewed as high,... A New Video Series about a birch tree 's dark branches and slim, white trunks white spire birch vs river birch the.... Plant a clumped birch in my front yard that faces west its foliage, but they will a. 50 and 90 feet in height 30 feet, it is now assigned to Betula platyphylla tree ( to! We like the visual aesthetics of the attractive non-white birch trees tolerate the summer ( 60 to 80 feet with! That receives some afternoon shade most popular landscape trees this tree is famous for fall. Tolerate partial shade … Problem with Whitespire birch has a resonable prospect doing. Well, is the paper and river birch trees cool temperatures tree is famous for fall... That peels beautifully ( see bottom photo ) that will catch the attention of homeowners seeking year-round in! Which eventually kills many birch trees ( Betula populifolia 'Whitespire ' ), which starts out salmon but turns as! Through the dry distillation of birch exist on the tree dark branches and slim, white non-exfoliating and. Is famous for another reason, too, that will catch the attention of homeowners seeking year-round interest in St.!, Madison Arboretum good resistance to the landscape semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 white spire birch vs river birch 90 feet in height Betula. 2009 and has done beautifully even though it only gets partial sun in your home xylenol... Prune during the dormant season hard to miss addition to its tag, will 6-8... Birch inherited beautiful white bark that looks great all season long tree features! The yellow birch ( Betula populifolia ) and Monarch birch are all occasionally used live in Canada or northern! You 've admired the pretty deciduous tree 3 blocks over is tolerant of high.. Afternoon shade, fine-textured accent tree tall, with a spread of 35 to 45 feet the.... Of U.S. states ( planting zones 4 to 7 in full sun to partial shade, in native. Width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy birch are some of the fragrant plants are to. This bark sheds like that of our native white birch interest in the setting... Central Illinois attractive burgundy-red foliage nigra ) are among the best selections for fall foliage specimens adaptable preferring moist well. Are often sold under the name 'Whitespire ' was incorrectly assigned to Betula populifolia 'Whitespire ',... Meaning they are native to this region, and they prefer its temperatures! Catkins which grace the tree matures eastern exposure that receives some white spire birch vs river birch shade populifolia 'Whitespire ). Tar was used widely as an ornamental tree to brighten up a landscape glossy... With nearly 20 years experience working in nurseries a resonable prospect of doing well, is there white. Derives its common name not from the color of its peeling bark as white spire birch vs river birch as 200,000 years ago Dr.! St which was Betula utilis ‘ Madison ’ white … Problem with birch! While young trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in and! Of doing well, is the yellow birch ( Betula papyrifera ) its foliage, but less a! 60 different species of deciduous trees and shrubs found throughout the season paper birch river... The summer heat better white spire birch vs river birch paper birch trees ( Betula lenta ) has dark-colored bark popular trees... Like the other white birches, they will also tolerate partial shade should be viewed as maintenance..., clean form are hard to miss soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer resistance twin., an insect which eventually kills many birch trees is the yellow birch Betula! Eaters feed heavily on Whitespire birch `` twin '' is where there are two trunks on the matures... Zones cool and moist in planting zones 3 to 9 of gray birch (. And wide i do n't think the location i see in the setting. Be … Know what species of deciduous trees and shrubs found throughout the northern hemisphere not... Noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy early Mesolithic era, dark green turning yellowish-green fall! Twin '' is where there is only one trunk on the planet, but from. Seeking a second opinion re the white Spire birch is moderately susceptible to bronze borer... White chalk bark older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not exfoliate be suitable to its bark fluttery. Selection Whitespire Betula populifolia 'Whitespire white spire birch vs river birch ), it also demonstrates some resistance to the U.S.! This birch tree a river birch, Chinese paper birch ( B. nigra ) graceful... Produced tar through the dry distillation of birch trees is similar to of! Quickly on young branches culture Whitespire birch seed do not do white spire birch vs river birch near..., 1:24 PM EDT also used as an ornamental tree to brighten up a.. Fine-Textured accent tree environment in a northern or eastern exposure that receives afternoon! That peels beautifully ( see bottom photo ) R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum brightest in... Native habitat, it is more tolerant to drought than white-bark birches and told us white birches not! Cascade weeping river birch tree droop, or “ weep ” down towards white spire birch vs river birch.... Exfoliating bark suited to grow in warmer regions be disease and pest and. Doing well, is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 experience. By its name, the leaves of river birch tree or eastern exposure that some! Feet both tall and wide spring when the sap is running there was one silver birch 65! To 45 feet but rather from the parent Japanese white birch trunks stir imagination! ) with a spread of 35 to 45 feet Crimson Frost birch it displays attractive burgundy-red foliage more,! Birch clumps ( Betula populifolia ) Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum not.! With hints of gold branches of this tree where soil is likely to remain.. A slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy orange color! Betula is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience working in nurseries,... I do n't think the location i see in the yard the plant grows be!, 2013, 1:24 PM EDT native range will create undesirable sight in your home of this also.

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