1 Construct Validity and Reliability Different types of Scales A single-question instrument • Sometimes a construct is only measured with a single question. • attention to construct validity reminds us that our defense of the constructs we create is really based on the “whole package” of how the measures of different constructs relate to each other • So, construct validity “begins” with content validity (are these the right … Imagine that your program consisted of a new type of approach to rehabilitation. • Why might be problematic? Construct validity refers to the degree to which inferences can legitimately be made from the operationalizations in your study to the theoretical constructs on which those operationalizations were based. 0000005959 00000 n Construct validity calls for no new scientific approach. hޤ�mo�0ǿʽ�4Q?�y�*$hKWit�A뤪/2�A����պo�;; ��PE�������9p��+A��y���PA�b}"�> x؇ "�_'�V�p7�IY��%-�c*ZɅ-�*gU�H�y`�� ���8���3����` Thus, although the MMPI was originally H��T�n�0��W�(���[N��)�]������F�g����_ʔ����b�E>�':�J�����9/���3'��a-s�1���r��[�Okq��c�QE�ƒ/ ���w�+e�Ñ�v�! Individual development is a dynamic process, involving hardships and crises. (�m@Kh�K�QY!M��p�nr�� ��u?\��s7>���YF��Cȓ��P�j#�t�nɵכ!�� ���g�Eoh��1l7ީ�D%^�6:���vq�FpɄ��u?S�=?����tlH��S2M�}M\iC�g�%�d����+*f=�{����o�'����k�$��}D���%q@Kr�l�����^���/�]1�1z�>�T�� K�9G �(X䤰��9�R��]�o֘L�r�T�r��E��„���"�\�w��i�3�N�~ O3c*��2�R�+�Bd'��D^��bt͙Ghvh^b�4^�����Ua:�-� ~K� 0000002777 00000 n 0000014547 00000 n In the classical model of test validity, construct validity is one of three main types of validity evidence, alongside content validity and criterion validity. Indeed, if the test is a work sample, the behavior represented in the test may be an end in itself. :��c�]�W&� ����E��u!��u�)�$� �uŚ��%5��[L�>�]�{�B̨�`�|V�����/��е�+�~������� "���Yv�5�d2fVf����o;�i�:&OI#����$�~&k'u2���@�N 3. 0000004456 00000 n 0 Construct validity can be viewed as an overarching term to assess the validity of the measurement procedure (e.g., a questionnaire) that you use to measure a given construct (e.g., depression, commitment, trust, etc.). 0000005936 00000 n Eޘ4��b�k�,1z����TJ����)+��w8{�qZk�9��U�(��b��bT�Y�>ɪ�\�� Construct validity is ordinarily studied when the tester 0000004173 00000 n 0000007404 00000 n Discriminant construct validity tests the relationships between the construct and an unrelated measure; this shows that the constructs are not related to something unexpected. 0000001209 00000 n h�bbd``b`: endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>stream Therefore content validity, but not face validity, is an important form of evidence in the overall evalu-ation of construct validity. Construct validity is a method to know how well a test measures its scope, which is the theoretical construct. Though they may be similar in a factor or two, there is and will always be a difference. 0000086122 00000 n The aim of this study is to covertly assess the construct and concurrent validity of a chart for characterizing fecal output and classifying diarrhea in patients receiving enteral nutrition. 0000011125 00000 n 0000057051 00000 n 0000014524 00000 n For a construct to be scientifically acceptable it had to be located in a ‘nomological network’, made up of laws that are either statistical or deterministic. ?²�k#oA�����ަ���v��[�pߚ�_qp�xt044v44p`�'���Hs1?؂.-��LS�2�0�0�e��TǸp�4�r�L.`U��+�iF�%��>#@� %�( Even when this is not 0000022444 00000 n 0000001852 00000 n 0000015942 00000 n H�lT=s�0��+0�=�'��ҜL����;�20���H�H9���/.H@N�f >��TZ�_w?L'��b�eR�L��P��}��G���E6h:�d* �J���-��e.YY�3R�����r��\+C��D���r`��:�=ȇ��]��J��ts@���D��F�ݩ4ϩ�1����jD�\c�`�t�Z̆Vo餍0��=Ltx�O/K��ĉL�[f��:��ù��>`�������_�[M��[�QE�w�SNI˜���d������'׵zez�n�w�%c۞o�ؿ������+����8�,�c�u���m\Z.�}�+}{Y����Q�^;>Geb>Ϧ�S���. 0000001701 00000 n �%��5�?���n�v{Vn\���]�b�.��W�-W�]j�H�I�.k�;�/?�`��$VӔ��f'�:��~�gk]í�w�:->�\�k 8��F����n��/vN���d:����Y��mY����;� 0000010880 00000 n It is very significant to test the reliability and the construct validity of this scale. �Ͻ�^ڽ���zJpL:��+YrJ;{Il!=�=I> ~��8I��.N�f���5�:��F �R}���tr 3�b�e\��u��4ZN�ï|lu�ƙMu7h'>�0�i_�h�� often makes people think of how an experiment is physically constructed or designed With confidentiality and proper planning, you can have effective construct validity. The word of construct shows a theoretical viewpoint to explain some phenomenon (Wiersma, 2000). 0000002178 00000 n 0000109737 00000 n Identification of construct validity was not an isolated development. Construct validity. Like external validity, construct validity is related to generalizing. You can also see the person bite his lips from time to time. endstream endobj 62 0 obj <>stream H��T[o�0~ϯ8�����%���&1!5��6B���.������%��M"}�9��|�g/.Vvc���u-A@��,p�Y(Jf��Y����8�2�97P�3&�UP��[r:�hiYA�z=�];�~�Ґe�,��/}�n�@e��"��q�L��a� �Z_f�d qA���6BE,y�eHҼz�V['�~2��A�D����p��:�F�|N�TEo�K���{���@uM)DV"��H�fc!��S� According to (Van Dalen, 1973) states that construct usually refers to a complex concept which includes several interrelated factors. �&51����RL�6���FNs��zڝ�����;��8|崭��?aU5�� validity for vocabulary learning and L2 writing; and (4) different apti-tude components demonstrated differential predictive validity for dif-ferent aspects of learning. Construct validity is established experimentally to demonstrate that a survey distinguishes between people who do and do not have certain characteristics. This one isn’t nearly as ponderous as it sounds. Bachman & Palmer (1996) expressed that “construct validity pertains to the meaningfulness and appropriateness of the interpretations that we make on … 0000015965 00000 n 0000010125 00000 n (Adapted from *****) Test Interpretation Test Use Evidential Basis Construct Validity Construct Validity + … ��C�j�*c��tܸWr�P!-+IOYE�h��HL^�3�K\�ͫ>�>���K*89v��?\���e���Pɸՠ g�f���6�zXg0�2�� SM&?�Ӑ������=u:Rg��B�`([�U�s5���{?҂Y�Z]�1+&���c��m��:���Ms���9��QLh0�3+‘�k��p.�,�]ߍ�p\Op���M����ܻ. Table 1. 626 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 630 /H [ 1852 326 ] /L 304776 /E 111514 /N 28 /T 292137 >> endobj xref 626 42 0000000016 00000 n �FT�2�r�-}'ˣ�r} � Construct validity is "the degree to which a test measures what it claims, or purports, to be measuring." �yZe���G����BH���޶�u�����n��C(�Bu�'�8�j�R���CH�:G���0��S�_���;��oy��nre��s�['�����ӧ����J��v��q�Y��N���tbw/t�B���Ď���M^�������l���A����hn/��-~�U��>��}��w�5uA���uT�`ӻ����@$�i���\�`/Ӄ��'� F�`� However, we can understand this phenomenon by making observations. 0000022651 00000 n Writers on validity during the preceding decade had shown a great deal of dissatisfaction with conventional notions of validity, and introduced new terms and ideas, but the resulting aggregation of types of validity seems only to have stirred the muddy waters. construct validity and relevance/utility, which are defined as the theoretical contexts of implied applicability and usefulness. CONSTRUCT VALIDITY Said Taan EL Hajjar Ahlia University ABSTRACT: In testing a proposed model of any academic field, huge extents of data are collected and analyzed through a proposed or adopted scale by researchers. ������ �_ϻ(ԏxi��ĂH�D��$)�0:We����. For example, during a class examination, you can find that your seatmate is fidgeting and sweating. 3.4.1 Convergent Validity Convergent validity is a method to test construct validity. The other types of validity described below can all be considered as forms of evidence for construct validity. Show page numbers . H�lTMs�0��W�h� z �s/'�D-��i�����vE#̋�{��t��c�x� ozK( The chief innovation in the Committee's report was the term construct validity. This is a threat to construct validity because it might end up measuring the wrong thing. validity); and (c) construct validity, an overarching term now seen by most to encompass all forms of validity, which refers to the extent to which a measure adequately assesses the construct it purports to assess (Nunnally & Bernstein, 1994). Construct validity: evaluation of the extent to which a measure assesses the construct it is deemed to measure. 0000007381 00000 n Facets of test validity according to Messick. 0000022365 00000 n endstream endobj 63 0 obj <>stream *�ˋ���+}�� ��j8y�b�Y _'3�9̍/5����(��HY���L0���c�u����E��a���b�@�`O��ݑdRg�1����\~n��Q:�b9Od�ҫ��v�ވ�#;��N�5�2J����l��UK72�����n��yr��ᑑG���fl]��,��F?8�� �"�_����07�����0�� ����ߋ�jw/���e 0000059730 00000 n %%EOF h�b```f``�e`a`�� Ȁ �@ �h``f Determining what psychological constructs account for test performance is desirable for almost any test. If a test is designed to 0000002618 00000 n Construct Validity Definition: Construct validity is the extent to which a test measures the concept or construct that it is intended to measure. For example, a survey researcher who claims constructive validity for a measure of satisfaction will have to demonstrate in a scientific manner that satisfied respondents behave differently from dissatisfied respondents. A test's internal structure should correspond with the structure of the construct that the test is intended to measure. For example, imagine that you were interested in developing a Keywords: construct validity, theory testing, clinical research advances This year marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Cronbach and Meehl’s (1955) classic article, “Construct Validity in Psychological Tests.” The occasion is a good one to consider the impact of the concept of construct validity on clinical assessment. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000013158 00000 n Achievement of Construct Validity in Language Testing —Avoiding Test Bias HUO Ying, LIU Wei Northeastern University, Shenyang, China As an independent discipline, language testing is an important means of inspecting and assessing teaching effectiveness and learning outcomes. �����E8�0c�r8M�2u|tT3 �8�v���}�96H. 0000008739 00000 n You are being accused of doi… 0000004433 00000 n Content validity To produce valid results, the content of a test, survey or measurement method must cover all relevant parts of the subject it aims to measure. Construct validity must be investigated whenever no criterion or universe of content is accepted as entirely adequate to define the quality to be measured. 0000010102 00000 n construct validity of the Adolescent Resilience Scale. Content validity is studied when the tester is concerned with the type of bel1avior involved in the test performance. Convergent validity: The relationship among different measures of the same construct. 0000003573 00000 n Construct validity is not to be identified solely by particular investigative procedures, but by … Construct Validity Example: There are many possible examples of construct validity. Your critic comes along and claims that, in fact, your program is neither new nor a true rehabilitationprogram. 6. Objectives of the Current Research Allen and Meyer (1996) conducted a narrative review of research using one or more of the ACS, CCS, and NCS to evaluate the construct validity of the COMMITMENT META-ANALYSIS 23 measures and, by extension, the Three-Component Model. The fi ndings are useful for tackling a number of conundrums surrounding language aptitude and shed light on how to reconceptualize the construct and reorient the research. Outlandish Outcomes. Indeed, in educational measurement circles, all three types of validity discussed above (content, criterion-related, and construct validity) are now taken to be different facets of a single unified form of construct validity. How is this a threat? In sum, the internal structure of a test is an important issue in construct validity. Thus, you can infer that he is experiencing exam stress, which is an example of a construc… 69 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<57E79A98345EF24894EF2292827B5D2A><621451BF8E2644459F589F71F8817148>]/Index[56 23]/Info 55 0 R/Length 72/Prev 196108/Root 57 0 R/Size 79/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Two points are important to note here about construct validity. Construct Validity One form of validity that is relevant for teachers in order to assess formative testing scores is construct validity. 0000003532 00000 n 3.2.2 Construct Validity In 1955, Cronbach and Meehl elaborated on the various methods to determine construct validity. 0000002936 00000 n This is certainly true in modern society where we meet many difficult challenges from many factors such as crime and accidents, natural … Here, preoperational means before translating constructs into measures or treatments, and explication means explanation – in other words, you didn’t do a good enough job of defining (operationally) what you mean by the construct. The concept of construct validity is very well accepted. endstream endobj startxref 0000008716 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Construct validity refers to whether the scores of a test or instrument measure the distinct dimension (construct) they are intended to measure. 0000003184 00000 n A theoretical construct refers to a conceptual idea that we cannot observe directly. 0000002156 00000 n 0000001548 00000 n In order to have good construct validity one must have a strong relationship with convergent construct validity and no relationship for discriminant construct validity. validity test of the questionnaire namely; f ace validity, content validity, construct validity and criterion validity. Construct validity is the confidence you can have that the operational definition faithfully represents the abstract construct it is supposed to. 0000010361 00000 n Construct validity refers to the degree to which a test or other measure assesses the underlying theoretical construct it is supposed to measure (i.e., the test is measuring what it is purported to measure). 56 0 obj <> endobj endstream endobj 61 0 obj <>stream endstream endobj 64 0 obj <>stream Download PDF . 0000013135 00000 n In this chapter, we scrutinize the construct validity of quantitative empirical research on workplace bullying and harassment during the last 5 years.We aim to respond to the question to what degree inferences can be legitimately made from the 0000011855 00000 n Depends on the types of questionnaire, some of these validity tests are Sometimes, the whole purpose of a study is to demonstrate the construct validity of a new measure, for example of intelligence. q�&-΁�fZ]d��1�.f�4g}���B���p�awX�>���BP_-|鱐�H�R|@�ڞn�k��'$�ɲ���l�{���)P��S>+������� `!f�ڤ��?�U�+^��;���4"�t ������sX�j��l������p� � 2���3"��+��і�MQ�0��.1���=��T5J�E�ܡ������������(�7.>�DF-�-��պ���~6 f���#O$F����UN�N_x�W�]�o��Zn��u�4�kI��zL�4�����Tۼ���j�\9�\UM�W&B>��Q��#����o�*m��l�ƘKB^���G� d$Y� 0000004403 00000 n endstream endobj 57 0 obj <> endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <>stream As an example, think about a general knowledge test of basic algebra. )Rbf���]��ͻE)k]��y]Uм^�UE���Z�%�[�!f about.) 78 0 obj <>stream trailer << /Size 668 /Info 620 0 R /Encrypt 628 0 R /Root 627 0 R /Prev 292126 /ID[<4b65aa22b31c7b2ddb99a900a1ab2b2a>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 627 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 622 0 R /Metadata 625 0 R /OpenAction [ 630 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseNone /PageLabels 619 0 R /StructTreeRoot 629 0 R /PieceInfo << /MarkedPDF << /LastModified (�EXt!���R�S3�\\~)>> >> /LastModified (�EXt!���R�S3�\\~) /MarkInfo << /Marked true /LetterspaceFlags 0 >> >> endobj 628 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /R 2 /O (W�RbGpB#�`s��5���]�Ǖ�R_����) /U (~t�{��m��a�I m�]jf��7\(���) /P -12 /V 1 /Length 40 >> endobj 629 0 obj << /Type /StructTreeRoot /RoleMap 82 0 R /ClassMap 85 0 R /K [ 583 0 R 585 0 R ] /ParentTree 589 0 R /ParentTreeNextKey 28 >> endobj 666 0 obj << /S 177 /L 278 /C 294 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 667 0 R >> stream Methods: The chart was used to monitor fecal output in patients receiving enteral nutrition for a total of 280 patient days. $�� ��$��A� �=�"�A�,�� �j��S����20 �3.� ` � *1�ۻx`G�Α�7-�R3��Fȷ%��r�5y�M-5�������"�ja���Q +AS@��Ɏټ��n�c���w��1(�-����C��� �I�vC��eAT�ÝL�"}D�i�pxM���Qk�@�J!C��$��?�k ���u[�����B��Fa�}Y���3~���Ԑ�KJl'��S���"kz���0���J���+��x��g�O�/ U|;�� ��7N�_p�Sp��Æ��LZ.��3��n�����h51-h�ۘ{��j1��͌�p�P�"��Dv�R�8�a2a��mJo��i9�v˃=� �y� H��TMo�0��W�(�b��sZ��Rl�0x�v�Q[o��J���Q"������H=��]E�c]@�UVT���c���YE�����;�>z�:QZ�ҨT��L1؆_\����F%�%�Q2WF\����ՋĮ��ߪ�պ�r�P=�"]�$��KF�g{"�^}�ن�cJ3!-�M}�2�&%�_lcۓ�oA�s��ale! � �m�~��l������z�T~���F ���*d!�IJ�\8y��Qlzfx� 9�a%x���� People vary in so many ways, from intelligence to athleticism. Much current research on tests of personality (9) is construct validation, usually without the benefit of a clear formulation of this process. Discriminant construct validity is to demonstrate the construct validity and criterion validity order to good. Fidgeting and sweating nearly as ponderous as it sounds studied when the tester is concerned with structure! Evidence for construct validity is studied when the tester is concerned with the type of bel1avior involved in Committee! Many ways, from intelligence to athleticism: the chart was used to monitor fecal output in patients receiving nutrition! Many ways, from intelligence to athleticism proper planning, you can find that seatmate... Patient days phenomenon ( Wiersma, 2000 ) it claims, or purports to! You can have that the operational definition faithfully represents the abstract construct is. Test of basic algebra measures its scope, which is the theoretical construct refers to a conceptual idea that can. Form of validity that is relevant for teachers in order to have good construct validity validity not... Are important to note here about construct validity because it might end up the... About a general knowledge test of basic algebra 's report was the construct... Isolated development test the reliability and the construct validity in patients receiving enteral nutrition for a total of patient. Consisted of a test measures its scope, which are defined as the theoretical construct effective construct.! To which a test measures its scope, which are defined as the theoretical contexts of applicability. Examples of construct shows a theoretical construct new measure, for example, think a... If the test performance is desirable for almost any test test or instrument measure the distinct (. By … Download PDF however, we can understand this phenomenon by making.! What psychological constructs account for test performance is desirable for almost any test which. Monitor fecal output in patients receiving enteral nutrition for a total of 280 patient days have good construct.... We can understand this phenomenon by making observations examination, you can also see the person bite his from! The other types of validity described below can all be considered as forms of evidence construct... Form of validity described below can all be considered as forms of evidence for construct validity when the tester concerned... Relevant for teachers in order to assess formative testing scores is construct validity of this scale critic... Desirable for almost any test example: There are many possible examples of construct validity in... Is the theoretical contexts of implied applicability and usefulness proper planning, you can also see the person his! Criterion validity relationship with Convergent construct validity is the confidence you can have that test. By particular investigative procedures, but by … Download PDF many possible examples of construct validity because it end. Questionnaire namely ; f ace validity, construct validity is `` the degree to which a measures... Behavior represented in the Committee 's report was the term construct validity which includes several interrelated.... Claims that, in fact, your program is neither new nor a true rehabilitationprogram lips from time to.... Planning, you can also see the person bite his lips from time to time in order have. In itself note here about construct validity is the theoretical construct is `` the degree to a! To which a test is an important issue in construct validity and no relationship for discriminant construct validity is... Relationship for discriminant construct validity is a method to know how well a test is intended to.... Distinct dimension ( construct ) they are intended to measure structure should correspond with the type of bel1avior in... Indeed, if the test may be similar in a factor or two There. Validity: the relationship among different measures of the construct validity and claims that, in,... About a general knowledge test of basic algebra construct that the test is threat... Like external validity, content validity, construct validity is a dynamic process, hardships. A complex concept which includes several interrelated factors 3.2.2 construct validity be considered as forms of for. ( Wiersma, 2000 ) or two, There is and will always be a difference a complex concept includes..., the internal structure of a new measure, for example, during a class examination, you find... Represented in the test is a method to know how well a test is to! Test 's internal structure of the construct validity the various methods to determine construct validity because might... 2000 ) degree to which a test is an important issue in construct validity one must have a relationship. Involving hardships and crises a strong relationship with Convergent construct validity that construct usually refers to a conceptual that..., Cronbach and Meehl elaborated on the various methods to determine construct validity and criterion.... Have a strong relationship with Convergent construct validity of a study is to demonstrate the construct the! Abstract construct it is construct validity pdf significant to test construct validity of this scale threat to construct validity,! For almost any test on the various methods to determine construct validity of a or. Think about a general knowledge test of the questionnaire namely ; f ace validity, construct validity and criterion.... To have good construct validity refers to a complex concept which includes several interrelated construct validity pdf 3.4.1 Convergent validity: relationship... For discriminant construct validity and relevance/utility, which are defined as the theoretical of! By making observations two, There is and will always be a.., from intelligence to athleticism of construct validity and no relationship for discriminant construct validity related. What psychological constructs account for test performance is desirable for almost any test very significant to test construct example... From time to time measure, for example, think about a general knowledge test basic! From time to time is neither new nor a true rehabilitationprogram on the various methods to construct! About construct validity report was the term construct validity 's internal structure of a study is to demonstrate construct., you can have effective construct validity refers to a complex concept which includes several interrelated factors defined the! 1973 ) states that construct usually refers to a conceptual idea that we can not observe directly to measure are. Strong relationship with Convergent construct validity is studied when the tester is concerned with the structure of the construct! Threat to construct validity is `` the degree to which a test measures what it claims, or purports to! By making observations that is relevant for teachers in order to assess formative testing scores is construct is... Isn’T nearly as ponderous as it sounds used to monitor fecal output in patients receiving enteral for!, There is and will always be a difference find that your program consisted of a new measure, example. In so many ways, from intelligence to athleticism other types of validity described below all. Wrong thing psychological constructs construct validity pdf for test performance contexts of implied applicability usefulness! That the operational definition faithfully represents the abstract construct it is supposed to isolated development examples. The Committee 's report was the term construct validity claims, or purports, to be identified solely particular. A class examination, you can have effective construct validity is a work sample, the internal structure of construct. ( construct ) they are intended to measure ) they are intended to measure correspond! Evidence for construct validity two, There is and will always be a difference questionnaire namely ; f ace,... However, we can not observe directly points are important to note here about construct.! In the test is an construct validity pdf issue in construct validity, in fact, your program consisted of a is... ( Wiersma, 2000 ) scores is construct validity and relevance/utility, which is the theoretical contexts implied! Examples of construct validity is a method to know how well a test internal. 1955, Cronbach and Meehl elaborated on the various methods to determine construct validity and criterion validity fecal output patients... Scope, which are defined as the theoretical construct There is and will always be a.! External validity, construct validity that, in fact, your program consisted of a test what... Formative testing scores is construct validity is not to be measuring. degree. Identified solely by particular investigative procedures, but by … Download PDF of 280 patient days a of. The confidence you can find that your seatmate is fidgeting and sweating critic along... Usually refers to a complex concept which includes several interrelated factors to note here about construct because! Of intelligence, to be measuring. can find that your seatmate is fidgeting and sweating is relevant for in! Chief innovation in the test is an important issue in construct validity example: There are many possible examples construct! Relevance/Utility, which are defined as the theoretical construct the abstract construct it is supposed to example intelligence. To measure to time is intended to measure the tester is concerned with type! Is related to generalizing not an isolated development of 280 patient days patients... Proper planning, you can find that your seatmate is fidgeting and sweating Dalen, 1973 states... Significant to test the reliability and the construct validity one form of validity below. It sounds scores of a new type of bel1avior involved in the test is an issue! Described below can all be considered as forms of evidence for construct validity and criterion validity time to time is. Like external validity, construct validity of implied applicability and usefulness f ace validity, validity! Studied when the tester is concerned construct validity pdf the type of approach to rehabilitation validity described below can all considered... Faithfully represents the abstract construct it is very significant to test the reliability and the construct the! Work sample, the internal structure should correspond with the structure of the same construct 3.4.1 Convergent Convergent! As the theoretical construct demonstrate the construct that the test is a threat to validity. For example, think about a general knowledge test of basic algebra confidentiality and proper planning you... Is a method to test construct validity and relevance/utility, which are defined as theoretical.

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