1920–1983, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company. Adak Region School District served dependents living on the base. Join me as I explore the creepy homes and abandoned neighborhoods of Adak Island. After the fighters, the heavy bombers attacked, also at low level, dropping 1,000 bombs on the harbor installations. Once hosting a U.S. military base supporting a population of thousands, Adak’s current population is fewer than 400 hardy inhabitants, many of whom work in the commercial fish processing industry. As the most westerly naval operations base from the fall of 1942 to the end of the campaign, it provided support to the ships and submarines of the North Pacific Force in their fight against the enemy in northern waters. Adak flourished as a Cold War era Navy base. Naval Air Facility Adak (IATA: ADK, ICAO: PADK, FAA LID: ADK), was a United States Navy airport located west of Adak, on Adak Island in the U.S. state of Alaska. Situated in the western Aleutians, Adak Island is currently the western-most location in Alaska readily accessible to birders. [3], Tents were erected, a rudimentary electrical system, radios and some rough streets were laid down and by the end of September Adak Army Airfield was home to several 36th Bomb Squadron B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers; 54th Fighter Squadron P-38 Lightnings, and five B-24 Liberators of the 21st and 404th Bombardment Squadrons. Superfund Site: In 1994, the Adak base was placed on the National Priorities (Superfund) List. The Japanese campaign coincided with the more wel… [1] After its closure in 1997, it was reopened as Adak Airport. The Former Naval Air Facility was listed under the Base Realignment and Closure Program in July 1995. Adak, Amchatka, Attu, Shemya and the other airfields were cold, damp, and had very few recreational diversions; or things to do. In addition to the P-40s, several P-38 Lightnings were moved up to the new airfield. Davis Army Airfield was transferred to Alaskan Air Command on 18 December 1945 when Eleventh Air Force was inactivated. See more ideas about alaska, aleutian islands, moving to alaska. [9][10], Of some note was the detection of highly classified U.S. submarine operations off the Soviet submarine base at Petropavlovsk despite a belief among some submariners the system could not pick up U.S. submarines. I have a strong interest in the island's WWII history (I have written a play, currently in revision, which takes place on Adak Army Air Base in March 1944---you can learn more at www.windblownanddripping.com, a site in need of an update). C $28.15. It is one of eight National Historic Landmarks in Alaska that was designated to commemorate the World War II in Alaska. It would be a month before the Japanese could send out a reconnaissance aircraft from Kiska to fly over Adak. This former World War II military base was used to fight the Japanese in the Aleutian battles at Kiska, Attu, and Dutch Harbor, and was converted to a U.S. naval base after the war. Initially Davis AAF was Headquarters of AAC until it was moved to Elmendorf Field on 1 October 1946. [3], With the second combat airfield becoming operational and within striking range of the Japanese garrison on Attu, the Japanese forces on Kiska were put into an untenable situation. The 415th was replaced by the 449th Fighter Squadron on 1 September 1947; later being re-equipped with new F-82H Twin Mustang interceptors and being re-designated as the 449th Fighter Squadron (All Weather) on 20 July 1948. were stationed on the island. Navy use of approximately 77,000 acres on the northern half of the island was authorized by a public land withdrawal in 1959. (It’s actually the westernmost town in the United States.) Immediately, they begin building Adak Airfield. It divides the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Photos from our trip to Adak, Alaska in January, 2012. On May 11th, 1943, American soldiers landed on Attu Island and successfully defeated the Japanese Army garrison. [3], The first major combat mission of the Aleutian Campaign from Adak occurred on 14 September 1942 when thirteen B-24 Liberators and one B-17 Flying Fortress; supported by fourteen P-38 Lightnings, fourteen P-40 Warhawks and seven P-39 Airacobras attacked Kiska harbor. Additional gravel and then a sand runway was laid down. The U.S. established a military base on Adak in 1942 in response to the Japanese invasion of Attu and Kiska. Although bombers could reach Kiska, they could not be escorted by shorter-range fighters. Construction began on September 1, 1942 and was completed by the end of 1943 with the first bombers carrying out missions from the base on September 14, 1942. Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base were the westernmost bases in the nation for a short while. During World War II, the Imperial Japanese Army took control of two of the westernmost Aleutian Islands—Attu and Kiska—in the incorporated territory of Alaska, the first foreign enemy to occupy American soil since the War of 1812. The P-39s came in first to suppress the anti-aircraft fire with their 37mm cannon fire. The closure of the base brought the population of the island down to 326 residents from a high of 6,000. Your photos are marvelous. However, the incessant and continual air attacks had reduced the Japanese forces defenses considerably and the Japanese tactical planners had realized the isolated island was no longer defensible and evacuated its garrison. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. Photos from our trip to Adak, Alaska in January, 2012. Work began on 2 September with the construction of an enclosing dike around the marsh and a system of drainage canals drain off the water, followed by scraping off the topsoil to reach the gravel underneath. AAC Operations ceased at Davis in May 1949 due to a lack of personnel and consolidation of AAC resources on the mainland. The City of Adak, Alaska, the westernmost city in the United States is a community centered among the most productive fisheries in the West. Since the early 1940s, the northern half of Adak Island has been used for military … Maurer, Maurer (1983). Located about 1,400 air miles southwest of Anchorage, Adak Naval Base remained active until the late 1990s. Adak, also known as Adak Station, is also the southernmost city in Alaska. Additional P-38s were flown in along with some P-39D Airacobras of the 42d Fighter Squadron which had been providing air defense for Kodiak. The video explores areas on the former Naval Air Facility Adak Island, Alaska. Adak (/ ˈ eɪ d æ k /, Aleut: Adaax), formerly Adak Station, is a city located on Adak Island, in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States.At the 2010 census the population was 326, up from 316 in 2000. [4] Shortly thereafter, the town of Adak was incorporated at the site of the former base. Despite the first loss of U.S. soil to a foreign enemy since the War of 1812, the campaign was not considered a priority by the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Several cargo ships and minesweepers were hit with the harbor facilities and float planes taking a considerable beating. Nov 4, 2020 - Explore Mary Francis's board "Adak Alaska" on Pinterest. Our prime location and strategic assets, transferred as part of the Base Realignment and Closure process, make Adak a strong area for future growth and economic activity in relation to the Arctic. As the most westerly American base Adak allowed for intensified bombing (with fighter plane protection) of the Japanese garrisons. Remote by any definition, Adak is the southernmost community in Alaska, 1,200 miles southwest of Anchorage. Adak (/ ˈ eɪ d æ k /, Aleut: Adaax), formerly Adak Station, is a city located on Adak Island, in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States.At the 2010 census the population was 326, up from 316 in 2000. The former Adak Naval Air Facility occupies approximately 76,800 acres on Adak Island and is part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. Russian explorers in the 18th century also visited the island but made no permanent settlements. Aug 2, 2018 - Explore Kelly Schuder's board "Adak" on Pinterest. See more ideas about alaska, aleutian islands, moving to alaska. The southern portion of Adak Island, as well as most of the other islands in the Aleutian Island chain, is part of … [3], On 10 September 1943, Funeral Services for Col Everett S. Davis, former Chief of Staff, Eleventh Air Force, were held on Fort Richardson and he was buried in the Fort Richardson Cemetery. Adak Naval Air Station continued to be a military base during the Cold War but was designated a Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) site in 1995 and closed in March 1997. Adak Island 1. Fighter aircraft flew a dull routine of defensive alerts against an enemy which was a thousand miles away. Construction and operations began in September 1942. Before the closure of the naval station, Adak was once Alaska’s sixth-largest city, with some 6,000 people. (It’s actually the westernmost town in the United States.) British Prime Minister Churchill stated that sending forces to attack the Japanese presence there was a diversion from the North African Campaign and Admiral Chester Nimitz saw it as a diversion from his operations in the Central Pacific. Accompanying 14 photos, from 1943, 1983, and 1985–1986. The establishment of Adak Army Airfield (Code Name A-2, also "Longview") on 30 August 1942 gave the Air Force a forward base to attack the Japanese forces on Kiska Island. Chloe, John Hale, (1984), Top Cover for America. Due to the heavy casualties suffered at Attu Island, planners were expecting another costly operation. Fort Wainwright, Elmendorf AFB, and Fort Richardson are the largest bases in Alaska, each averaging about 6,000 military personnel. Air support for the Battle of Attu, which took place from 11–30 May 1943 was carried out primarily from Amchitka. In… Forty photos of people and scenes from around the island, hunting, hiking, camping, snowshoeing, skiing and exploring. Since the early 1940s, the northern half of Adak Island has been used for military operations. With passage of Public Laws 100-256 and 101-510 in 1988 and 1990, the Secretary of Defense created the Defense Base Realignment and Closure Commission (BRAC) to provide a fair process that would result in timely closure and realignment of military installations. After the War, Adak was developed as a Naval air station, playing an importan… Channel 2's Nikki Carvajal and photojournalist Albert Lutan traveled to Adak, a remote island on the Aleutian chain, to see what's left of a once heavily populated navy base. The Japanese also attacked the American base at Dutch Harborby air. Eleventh Air force lost two P-38s in an airborne collision and claimed five Japanese aircraft shot down. From its bases on Amchitka and Adak, Eleventh Air Force conducted continual bombing raids on the Japanese on Kiska and Attu. Adak, also known as Adak Station, is also the southernmost city in Alaska. Additional long-range B-24 Liberator heavy bombers were moved down from mainland Alaskan bases to operate in the Aleutians, which enabled Air Force commanders to send the bombers with full loads to Attu, while B-25 Mitchell and B-26 Marauder medium bombers attacked Kiska several times each day. 14 photographs of Adak arranged in a … Channel 2's Nikki Carvajal and photojournalist Albert Lutan traveled to Adak, a remote island on the Aleutian chain, to see what's left of a once heavily populated navy base. With the movement of combat operations to Adak, Fort Glenn and also Fort Randall AAF at Cold Bay became support and staging airfields supporting the front line. Army installations at Adak allowed U.S. forces to mount a successful offensive against the Japanese-held islands of Kiska and Attu. Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek Virginia Beach VA. By 16 February, the construction of the runway at Amchitka AAF had progressed to the point where light fighters could be brought in. In 1973 such contacts were again almost published and stopped only when contact information was matched, on advice by a visiting civilian expert who recognized the signatures, by NAVFAC people to one of the submarine's logs when that submarine put into Adak for a medical emergency. On 24 August 1943, the Aleutian Islands campaign was successfully completed. The race for bases between Kiska Island, 650 miles west, where the Japanese were entrenched in force, and Umnak Island was on. See more ideas about Alaska, Aleutian islands, Moving to alaska. 1976 Craig Roberts NAS Adak patch ; 1976 Slideshow by Mike Lindsey 1976-1977. By the 1980s there were over 6,000 Navy personnel on the islands. While investments in military infrastructure, personnel and equipment have caused major growth to Alaska's economy, what happens when bases become obsolete? The Navy left behind a contingent of 30 Navy personnel and 200 civilian contractors to maintain facilities, keep the runway open and begin an environmental cleanup. C $19.86. On May 11th, 1943, American soldiers landed on Attu Island and successfully defeated the Japanese Army garrison. The Navy and Marine Corps do not have any bases here. In 1994 the base was added to the National Priority List of contaminated sites, under the terms of the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Naval Air Station, Whidbey Island (Seaplane Base) Whidbey Island WA. Adak Naval Station first appeared on the 1970 U.S. Census as an unincorporated military installation. The American reaction was to construct a new military base on Adak island – a Naval and air facility that could take full control of all the Aleutian Islands and oust the invaders. Officially, the military mission ended on March 31, 1997, and the station closed.… The landing was made in a storm and within a week additional forces, including the 807th Engineer Aviation Battalion were landed on the island at Kuhluk Bay. "Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base", "Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS) History 1950 - 2010", "Naval Facility Adak December 1962 - September 1992", "Acoustic Detections of the Loss of the GOLF II Class Soviet SSB K-129", "Why Those Concerned in Russia Still Believe the USS SWORDFISH Collided With and Sank the K-129", https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1970a_ak-01.pdf, https://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1980a_akABCD-01.pdf, https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/phc-1-3.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Naval_Air_Facility_Adak&oldid=990813902, Airports in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, Buildings and structures in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, World War II on the National Register of Historic Places in Alaska, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 17:21. 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